March Data Comparison: Final Census and License Data (in metric tons)

Product March 2019 Final
Census Data
March 2019 License Data March 2019
Census - License
Percent Difference:
Census relative
to License
All Products 2,049,987 2,534,866 -484,879 ( 24%)
Bars-Cold Finished -- C & A 15,305 14,454 851 6%
Bars-Cold Finished -- S 8,094 7,891 203 3%
Bars-Hot rolled -- C & A 63,363 70,758 -7,395 ( 12%)
Bars-Hot rolled -- S 3,842 4,440 -598 ( 16%)
Bars-Light Shaped -- C & A 8,907 9,418 -511 ( 6%)
Bars-Light Shaped -- S 1,059 1,151 -92 ( 9%)
Bars-Reinforcing -- C & A 91,504 99,947 -8,443 ( 9%)
Black Plate -- C & A 5,622 11,542 -5,920 ( 105%)
Blooms, Billets and Slabs -- C & A 360,092 717,617 -357,525 ( 99%)
Blooms, Billets and Slabs -- S 10,877 66,844 -55,968 ( 515%)
Ingots and Steel for Castings -- C & A 538 2,496 -1,957 ( 364%)
Ingots and Steel for Castings -- S 1,212 1,122 90 7%
Line Pipe -- C & A 182,460 142,199 40,261 22%
Line Pipe -- S 510 709 -198 ( 39%)
Mechanical Tubing -- C & A 40,414 41,718 -1,304 ( 3%)
Oil Country Goods -- C & A 218,411 219,952 -1,541 ( 1%)
Oil Country Goods -- S 1,668 2,626 -957 ( 57%)
Pipe & Tubing Nonclassified -- C & A 1,464 3,676 -2,213 ( 151%)
Pipe For Piling -- C & A 254 233 21 8%
Plates Cut Lengths -- C & A 29,548 40,305 -10,757 ( 36%)
Plates Cut Lengths -- S 2,554 2,962 -408 ( 16%)
Plates in Coils -- C & A 95,988 102,479 -6,490 ( 7%)
Plates in Coils -- S 873 857 16 2%
Pressure Tubing -- C & A 7,053 7,088 -35 ( 0%)
Railroad Accessories -- C & A 563 806 -243 ( 43%)
Rails All Other -- C & A 832 863 -31 ( 4%)
Rails Standard -- C & A 6,854 8,786 -1,932 ( 28%)
Sheets & Strip All Other Metallic Coat - 61,124 60,595 529 1%
Sheets & Strip Galv Electrolyt -- C & A 3,670 5,293 -1,623 ( 44%)
Sheets & Strip Galv Hot Dipped -- C & A 166,721 192,700 -25,979 ( 16%)
Sheets & Strip-Electrical -- C & A 3,282 8,040 -4,758 ( 145%)
Sheets Cold Rolled -- C & A 118,511 131,809 -13,298 ( 11%)
Sheets Cold Rolled -- S 17,249 19,326 -2,078 ( 12%)
Sheets Hot Rolled -- C & A 124,921 137,255 -12,334 ( 10%)
Sheets Hot Rolled -- S 658 760 -101 ( 15%)
Stainless Pipe & Tubing -- S 9,665 10,035 -370 ( 4%)
Standard Pipe -- C & A 50,420 44,798 5,622 11%
Steel Piling -- C & A 9,233 14,977 -5,745 ( 62%)
Strip-Cold Rolled -- C & A 7,708 8,225 -517 ( 7%)
Strip-Cold Rolled -- S 5,237 5,415 -178 ( 3%)
Strip-Hot Rolled -- C & A 8,886 9,350 -464 ( 5%)
Strip-Hot Rolled -- S 117 115 2 2%
Structural Pipe & Tube -- C & A 29,602 35,588 -5,985 ( 20%)
Structural Pipe & Tube -- S 67 77 -10 ( 16%)
Structural Shapes Heavy -- C & A 45,790 51,990 -6,200 ( 14%)
Structural Shapes Heavy -- S 281 315 -34 ( 12%)
Tin Free Steel -- C & A 27,958 21,734 6,224 22%
Tin Plate -- C & A 67,771 50,445 17,326 26%
Tool Steel -- C & A 9,409 11,737 -2,328 ( 25%)
Wire Drawn -- C & A 52,164 53,748 -1,584 ( 3%)
Wire Drawn -- S 3,516 3,444 73 2%
Wire Rods -- C & A 64,359 72,111 -7,752 ( 12%)
Wire Rods -- S 1,808 2,048 -240 ( 13%)

SOURCE: US Department of Commerce, Enforcement and Compliance
The purpose of the Steel Import Licensing System (SIMA) is to provide the public with timely, detailed statistics on steel imports.
There are some differences between SIMA data and the Census data mostly due to import date issues.
Census uses 'statistical months', which are based on the 'date of release' of the import.
Thus, if goods arrive too late in the processing cycle, they are placed in the next month’s set of data.
SIMA month of data, however, represents an aggregation of all submitted licenses that report that month as the expected month of Import.
Additionally, SIMA data are not put through the same rigorous statistical tests and scrubbing as the Census data.
Table last modified on: May 21, 2019